Tuesday, March 12, 2013

BUDDHACARITA 4.101: The Merit of Deflation

¦−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−¦¦⏑−⏑−¦−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−   Vaṁśastha
tato vthā-dhārita-bhūṣaṇa-srajaḥ kalā-guṇaiś-ca praṇayaiś-ca niṣphalaiḥ |
sva eva bhāve viniguhya manmathaṁ puraṁ yayur-bhagna-mano-rathāḥ striyaḥ || 4.101

Then, their ornaments and garlands having been worn in vain,

Their graceful arts and displays of affection having proved fruitless,

Each enshrouding her love within her own heart,

The women traipsed back to the city,
for the chariots of their fancy had been rent apart.

Today's verse is a study in disappointment... dashed hopes... deflated expectations.

Like a burglar breaking into a wealthy person's house and finding it utterly empty.

What remains to speak of?

Maybe air passing in and out through the nostrils.

Fancies are dashed on the rocks of harsh reality. That being so, the rocks of harsh reality represent danger and disaster – but not if you are a limpet or a mussel.

Such are my own idle reflections. But what did the Buddha himself have to say on this matter? I think the Buddha's teaching, insofar as the real enemy is not harsh reality but human fancy, is to get one's retaliation in first. Hence:

Seeing the world to be without substance, as fragile as a water-bubble, / What man of sound mind could harbour the notion of not dying? // SN15.63 // So for the giving up, in short, of all such fancies, / Mindfulness of inward and outward breathing, my friend, you should make into your own possession. // SN15.64 // 

tataḥ: ind. from that, and so
vṛthā-dhārita-bhūṣaṇa-srajaḥ (nom. pl. f): having worn ornaments and garlands in vain
vṛthā: ind. at will , at pleasure , at random , easily , lightly , wantonly , frivolously ; in vain , vainly , uselessly , fruitlessly , idly
dhārita: mfn. borne (also in the womb) , held , supported &c
bhūṣaṇa: n. embellishment , ornament , decoration
sraj: f. a wreath of flowers , garland , chaplet worn on the head , any wreath or garland , circle , series , chain ; a kind of metre

kalā-guṇaiḥ (inst. pl. m.): the excellent characteristics of their fine arts
kalā: f. (etym. doubtful) a small part of anything , any single part or portion of a whole , esp. a sixteenth part ; any practical art , any mechanical or fine art
guṇa: m. string, garland ; good quality , virtue , merit , excellence
ca: and
praṇayaiḥ (inst. pl.): m. a leader ; manifestation , display ; affection , confidence in (loc.) , love , attachment , friendship , favour ; an entreaty , request , solicitation
ca: and
niṣphalaiḥ (inst. pl.): mfn. bearing no fruit , fruitless , barren , resultless , successless , useless , vain

sve (loc. sg. m.): mfn. one's own
eva: (emphatic)
bhāve (loc. sg.): m. becoming , being ; true condition or state , truth , reality ; any state of mind or body , way of thinking or feeling , sentiment ; love , affection , attachment ; the seat of the feelings or affections , heart , soul , mind
viniguhya = abs. vi-ni- √ guh: to cover over , conceal , hide
vinigṛhya [EHJ] = abs. vi-ni- √ grah: to lay hold of , seize , keep back , restrain , impede
manmatham (acc. sg.): m. love or the god of love , amorous passion or desire

puram (acc. sg.): n. a fortress , castle , city , town ; the female apartments , gynaeceum ; a brothel
yayur = 3rd pers. pl. yā: to go , proceed , move , walk , set out , march , advance , travel , journey; to go away , withdraw , retire
bhagna-mano-rathāḥ (nom. pl. f.): with fancies disappointed ; with the chariots of their hearts broken
bhagna: mfn. broken (lit. and fig.) , shattered , split , torn , defeated , checked , frustrated , disturbed , disappointed
mano-ratha: m. " heart's joy " (» 2. ratha) , a wish , desire ; fancy, illusion ; the heart compared to a car (» 1. ratha)
ratha: 1. m. ( √ṛ) " goer " , a chariot , car ; 2. m. ( √ ram) pleasure , joy , delight
striyaḥ (nom. pl.): f. woman

時諸婇女衆 伎樂莊嚴具
一切悉無用 慚愧還入城 

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