Tuesday, January 6, 2015

BUDDHACARITA 13.34: An Army Makes Up Its Mind

¦−⏑⏑¦−⏑−−¦¦−−⏑−¦−⏑⏑¦−⏑−−   Upajāti (Indravajrā)
māras tato bhūta-camūm udīrṇām ājñāpayām āsa bhayāya tasya |
svaiḥ svaiḥ prabhāvair atha sāsya senā tad-dhairya-bhedāya matiṁ cakāra || 13.34

Then Māra, to the phantom army he had mobilized,

Gave the order to strike fear into the sage;

And so that war machine of Māra's making
 -- in which each was possessed of his own power -- 

Made up its mind to break the sage's composure.

The bodhisattva sits as an exemplary individual, like a lion among cows.

Māra's army is also made up of individuals, as we saw below the surface in BC13.18 to 26. Each is possessed of his or her own independent majesty (svaiḥ svaiḥ prabhavaiḥ), but none of them has realized it yet.

So Māra's army makes up its mind on a group basis, not like a lion, but more like a herd of cows, or – for a more spectacular example – like a murmuration of starlings.

māraḥ (nom. sg.): m. Māra
tataḥ: ind. then
bhūta-camūm (acc. sg. m.): the army of demons
bhūta: n. being ; a spirit (good or evil) , the ghost of a deceased person , a demon , imp , goblin (also m.)
camū: f. a vessel or part (two or more in number) of the reservoir into which the soma is poured ; an army or division of an army (129 elephants , as many cars , 2187 horse , and 3645 foot MBh. i , 292)
udīrṇām (acc. sg. f.): mfn. issued out , excited , increased , elevated ; self-conceited , proud
ud- √ īr: to bring or fetch out of ; to rise , start off (in order to go or to come) ; to move upwards , ascend ; to raise , rouse , excite ; to stir up , urge , stimulate ;

ājñāpayām āsa = 3rd pers. sg. periphrastic perfect causative ā- √ jñā: to order , command , direct
bhayāya (dat. sg.): fear , alarm, dread, apprehension ; sg. and pl. terror , dismay , danger , peril , distress
tasya (gen. sg.): his

svaiḥ (inst. pl.): mfn. his own, their own
prabhāvaiḥ (inst. pl.): m. might , power , majesty , dignity , strength , efficacy ; supernatural power
atha: then, on
sā (nom. sg. f.): that
asya (gen. sg.): of his
senā (nom. sg.): f. (fr. √2. si) a missile , dart , spear ; N. of indra's wife (or his thunderbolt so personified) ; an army , armament , battle-array , armed force

tad-dhairya-bhedāya (dat. sg.): for the breaking of his steadfastness
dhairya: n. firmness , constancy , calmness , patience , gravity , fortitude , courage
bheda: m. breaking , splitting , cleaving , rending
matiṁ cakāra = 3rd pers. sg. pref. matiṁ √ kṛ: to set the heart on , make up one's mind , resolve , determine

魔衆相驅策 各進其威力 
迭共相催切 須臾令摧滅

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