tri-skandham etaM pravigaahya maargam
prapaShTam aShT'-aaNgam a-haaryam aaryam
duHkhasya hetuun prajahaati doShaan
praapnoti c'aatyanta-shivam padam tat
Giving oneself to this path with its three divisions
And eight branches
-- this straightforward, irremovable, noble path --
One abandons the faults,
which are the causes of suffering,
And comes to that step which is total well-being.
The three divisions are integrity (shiila), balance (samaadhi), and wisdom (prajnaa).
The eight branches are insight, thinking, initiative (prajnaa); use of voice, use of body, livelihood (shiila); mindfulness, balance (samaadhi).
The faults, which all begin with thirsting are, for example: (1) undue excitement in the nervous system, or hyper-tonus vs (2) the opposite state of mental sluggishness, or hypo-tonus; (3) greed, (4) hatred, and (5) ignorance/delusion.
That step which is total well-being, as I understand Ashvaghosha's words, is the same step that Master Dogen exhorted us to learn, which he called EKO-HENSHO NO TAIHO, or "the backward step of turning one's light and letting it shine."
tri-skandham (acc. sg. m.): consisting of three skandhas
skandha: part, division
etam (acc. sg. m.): this
pravigaahya = absolutive of pra-vi-√gAh: to dive into , enter (acc.)
pra: (prefix indicating forward motion)
vi-√gaah: to plunge or dive into , bathe in , enter , penetrate , pervade , betake one's self into (acc. or loc.)
maargam (acc. sg.): m. path
pra: (suffix indicating forward motion)
spaShTam (acc. sg. m.): clearly perceived or discerned , distinctly visible , distinct , clear , evident , plain , intelligible; straight (opp. to " crooked "); real , true , correct
aShTaaNgam (acc. sg. m.): eight-limbed
aNga: a limb , member; any subdivision
ahaaryam (acc. sg. m.): not to be stolen , not to be removed; unalterable
aaryam (acc. sg. m.): noble
duHkhasya (genitive): of suffering
hetuun (acc. pl.): cause
prajahaati = 3rd person singular of pra-√ haa: to leave ; to desert , quit , abandon , give up , renounce
doShaan (acc. pl.): faults
praapnoti = 3rd person singular of pra- √Ap: to reach, arrive at, find; to obtain , receive;
atyanta: beyond the proper end or limit; excessive , very great , very strong; endless , unbroken , perpetual; absolute , perfect; to the end
shivam (acc. sg. n.): mfn. auspicious , propitious , gracious , favourable , benign , kind , benevolent , friendly , dear ; happy , fortunate; m. happiness , welfare, liberation; n. welfare , prosperity , bliss
padam (acc. sg.): n. step, footing, foundation, stage, state
tat (acc. sg. n.): that
By entering on this straight, noble, incorruptible Path with its three divisions and eight members, one eliminates the faults which are the causes of suffering and reaches the supremely blessed stage.
On penetrating this clear and irremovable noble path, with its three divisions and eight branches, one abandons the faults, which are the causes of suffering, and reaches the state of utter happiness.